How electricity is produced
Electrical energy was one of man’s greatest discoveries. It
has helped build new civilizations. The large amount of electricity
produced has its source in fossil fuels, nuclear fission, water, and wind.
This article will explore the different methods of electricity
Electricity is churned out by enormous turbines. These
turbines need a support to be moved. There are various ways of moving
By burning fossil fuels: Electricity is produced
when the blades of a turbine are moved by enormous amounts of vapour. This
vapour is generated by heating a lot of water in huge furnaces. The water
is heated by burning fossil fuels like coal, petroleum, and natural gas.
This method releases enormous amounts of carbon dioxide in the air, thus
severely polluting our atmosphere. It is important to turn to alternate
methods of electricity production for long-term benefits.
You must have heard how dams are constructed to produce electricity. A
popular method to produce electricity, a water dams serves two purposes:
restricting water bodies and producing electricity. Water dams use the
river water to move turbines, helping them produce electricity.
Electricity generated this way helps control air pollution; however, this
method of electricity production adversely affects the ecosystem in the
Water accounts for 90 percent of the world’s
electricity generated through renewable resources.
Electricity is produced when wind energy is converted to electrical
energy. Wind mills or wind turbines are used to churn up enormous amounts
of wind energy which is then converted into electrical energy.
latest in wind energy advancement tells us that wind energy is helping
create portable cell phone chargers.
By nuclear fission: Yes,
nuclear fission does not only make atom bombs, but also helps produce
electricity. Nuclear fission causes a chain reaction where the element
Uranium is bombarded by neutrons causing it to split. Every time a Uranium
nucleus is split, more neutrons are released, causing more splits in the
already split Uranium nuclei. The resultant chain reaction generates a lot
of heat which is used to heat water the vapour of which eventually moves
turbines to create electricity.
By bio-waste: With technological
advancements, electricity is also being produced by bio-waste. Bio-gas is
a typical way of generating electricity in rural areas in countries like
India. In fact, a new technology evolved in the state of Bihar in India
that uses human waste to generate electricity.
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